Bullying is defined as the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate, or aggressively dominate others.  It is characterised by an imbalance of power between the bully and the victim.

Bullying can take many forms such as:

  • Emotional abuse
  • Verbal abuse
  • Physical abuse
  • Cyber-bullying

Typical traits of bullies:

  • Arrogant 
  • Narcissistic 
  • Low self-esteem
  • Often victims of bullying themselves

Typical traits of victims:

  • Aggressive
  • Lack social skills
  • Negative thinking
  • Poor family life
  • Rejected by peers
  • Weak
  • Emotional under-regulation
  • Poor self-esteem

Counselling can be used to help both bullies and victims.  It can help improve self-esteem, decision making, social skills, and empathy.